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Jordan Fact Sheet 

Government

 

 

 

 

Official Name: The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Capital City: Amman
Administrative Divisions: 12 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Ajlun, Al 'Aqaba, Al Balqa', Al Karak, Al Mafraq, 'Amman, At Tafilah, Az Zarqa', Irbid, Jerash, Ma'an, Madaba
Official Languages: Arabic and English is widely spoken
Independence Day: 25-May-1946
Form of Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: King ABDALLAH II (since 7 February 1999); Prince HUSSEIN (born 1994), eldest son of King ABDALLAH II, Crown Prince.  
Head of Government: Prime Minister & Minister of Defence, H.E. Maroof Al Bakhit 
(since 1 February 2011)
Parliament:

120 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms; note - 12 seats are reserved for women and are allocated by a special electoral panel if no women are elected.

Last Elections took place in November 2010.

Legal System: Based on Islamic law and French codes
International organization participation: ABEDA, AFESD, AMF, CAEU, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAS, MIGA, MINUSTAH, MONUC, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OSCE (partner), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Geography

 

 

 

 

 

Size: Total: 92,300 sq km with 329 sq km water
Location: Middle East,  31 00 N, 36 00 E
Neighboring Countries:

Iraq 181 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 744 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 km, Egypt is only a fairy ride away

Coastline:

27 km on the Gulf of Aqaba

Highest Point:

1,734 m

Lowest Point (on earth):

Dead Sea at -408 m

People

 

 

 

Population:

5,980,000 (2010), growing at an annual rate of 2.2%

Society:

Tolerant and welcoming society

Religions:

Sunni Muslim 92%, Christian 6% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (several small Shi'a Muslim and Druze populations) (2001 est.)

Languages:

Arabic and English is widely spoken.

Economy 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Economic System:

Market Economy

Gross Domestic Product at Current  Prices:

16,266.2 JOD million (22,772.7 USD million )

Gross Domestic Product per capita:

2, 979 JOD ( 4,170 USD)

GDP Growth Rate at constant prices:

5.6%

Inflation:

5 %(2010)

GDP per Sector of the Economy (2007): Agriculture (3%); Industry (17%); Electricity, gas, and water (2%); Constuction (4%), Wholesalers, trade, restaurants, hotels (9%); Transport, storage, and communications (13%) and Services (52%)
Exports:

5,523 million JOD (7,890 million USD)

Main exports: Garments and textiles, pharmaceutical products, jewelry items, electrical appliances, machinery and equipment, furniture, chemicals and allied products, minerals, plastic products.

Main export markets: Arab countries (44%), North America (28%), Asia (21%), EU (3%), other (3%).

Imports:

10,640.1 million JOD (15,200 million USD)

Main Imports: Crude Oil, textiles and garnments, transport equipment, machinary and vegetable products

Main import sources: Arab Countries (33%), EU (30%), Americas (8%), Asia (28%), other (1%).

Climate Average Hot and dry summers, cool and wet winters. Hottest month, August, 1437C; Coldest month, January, 0-16C; driest months, May-August, 0 mm average rainfall; wettest month, February, 75,5 mm average rainfall.
Currency

Jordanian Dinar (JOD)

 1 JD =100 piastres= 1,000 fils
JOD is pegged to USD (1 JOD= 1.4 USD/ 1 USD= 0.70  JOD)

Time + 2 GMT
Source: Central Bank of Jordan 2010, Department of Statistics 2010

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